Early effects of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass on dietary fatty acid absorption and metabolism in people with obesity and normal glucose tolerance

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Introduction: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery markedly increases the rate of intestinal nutrient exposure after food intake, accelerates intestinal absorption of dietary glucose and protein, and alters the postprandial gut hormone response. However, our understanding of postprandial fat absorption and metabolism after RYGB is incomplete. Methods: Stable palmitate tracers were administered intravenously (K-[2,2-2H2]palmitate) and orally with a mixed meal ([U-13C16]palmitate) to study fatty acid absorption and metabolism before and 3 months after RYGB in 10 participants with obesity and normal glucose tolerance. Results: There was a tendency toward reduced fasting plasma nonesterified palmitate concentrations after RYGB, but neither fasting palmitate kinetics nor fasting triacylglycerol (TAG) concentrations changed compared with before surgery. Postprandial TAG concentrations were numerically, but nonsignificantly, reduced 3−4 h after meal intake after compared with before RYGB. However, the postprandial appearance of the oral palmitate tracer in the plasma TAG pool and overflow into the nonesterified palmitate pool were initially faster but overall reduced after RYGB by 50% (median, IQR: [47;64], P = 0.004) and 46% (median, IQR: [33;70], P = 0.041), respectively. The maximal postprandial suppression of plasma nonesterified palmitate concentrations was slightly greater but shorter lasting after RYGB ('time × visit' interaction: P < 0.001), without detectable effects of surgery on the rate of appearance and disappearance of plasma palmitate. Conclusion: RYGB resulted in an initially accelerated but overall ~50% reduced 4-h postprandial systemic appearance of dietary palmitate in participants with obesity and normal glucose tolerance. This is likely a result of faster but incomplete intestinal fat absorption combined with enhanced chylomicron–TAG clearance, but it needs further investigation in studies specifically designed to investigate these mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Obesity
Pages (from-to)1359-1365
Publication statusPublished - 2022

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© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Limited.

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