Trisk 95 as a novel skin mirror for normal and diabetic systemic glucose level

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Nsrein Ali
  • Hamid Reza Rezvani
  • Diana Motei
  • Suleman, Sufyan
  • Walid Mahfouf
  • Isabelle Marty
  • Veli-Pekka Ronkainen
  • Seppo J. Vainio
Developing trustworthy, cost effective, minimally or non-invasive glucose sensing strategies is of great need for diabetic patients. In this study, we used an experimental type I diabetic mouse model to examine whether the skin would provide novel means for identifying biomarkers associated with blood glucose level. We first showed that skin glucose levels are rapidly influenced by blood glucose concentrations. We then conducted a proteomic screen of murine skin using an experimental in vivo model of type I diabetes and wild-type controls. Among the proteins that increased expression in response to high blood glucose, Trisk 95 expression was significantly induced independently of insulin signalling. A luciferase reporter assay demonstrated that the induction of Trisk 95 expression occurs at a transcriptional level and is associated with a marked elevation in the Fluo-4AM signal, suggesting a role for intracellular calcium changes in the signalling cascade. Strikingly, these changes lead concurrently to fragmentation of the mitochondria. Moreover, Trisk 95 knockout abolishes both the calcium flux and the mitochondrial phenotype changes indicating dependency of glucose flux in the skin on Trisk 95 function. The data demonstrate that the skin reacts robustly to systemic blood changes, and that Trisk 95 is a promising biomarker for a glucose monitoring assembly.
Original languageEnglish
Article number12246
JournalScientific Reports
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes

ID: 324126093